1 month ago

Dengue hemorrhagic fever or also known as dengue fever (DHF) is caused by a virus spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Dengue fever usually occurs during the transition period and most often occurs in residential areas in cities. Dengue mosquitoes bite mainly during the day and generally, sufferers have symptoms such as these:

• High fever

• Red spots or rashes on the skin

• Coughs

• Body weakness, nausea, lack of appetite

• Pain behind the eyes and joints, back pain, and headaches

Treatment of this disease is relatively simple. Namely, the patient should get plenty of rest, drink lots of fluids, maintain body ions, take paracetamol to reduce fever, and must not take aspirin or pain relievers because it is feared that this can increase the risk of internal bleeding. If this is done, the patient will show signs of recovering within 2-5 days.

However, dengue fever can develop into more serious complications that can lead to death from severe bleeding. This is usually experienced by people whose immune system cannot fight dengue fever or the person has had dengue fever before. Therefore, if you share any of the symptoms mentioned above, you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid dangerous risks.

Have you heard of dengue vaccination? Dengue vaccination is a vaccine that can reduce a child's risk of developing a severe dengue infection. Here are a few things to understand:

  1. There is no specific giving time
  2. The minimum age of the child is 9 years
  3. The administration of the DHF vaccine is necessary but critically should only be given to children who have been infected with the dengue virus or have experienced DHF before. 
  4. This is because giving this vaccine to children who have never been infected with the dengue virus or DHF  results in more severe reactions if later a child becomes infected.

Dengue vaccination cannot prevent someone from being infected with the dengue virus, therefore real action is needed to avoid being bitten by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Reporting from the official website of the Indonesian Ministry of Health, dengue prevention can be done through PSN 3M Plus. PSN (Indonesian: Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk) is a movement to eradicate mosquito nests by carrying out 3M Plus, namely:

  • Drain (Indonesian: Menguras)

Routinely drain and clean water reservoirs such as bathtubs and buckets.

  • Close (Indonesian: Menutup)

Closing water reservoirs and burying junk that has the potential to become a breeding ground for mosquitoes.

  • Reuse waste (Indonesian: Memanfaatkan kembali limbah)

Recycle junk into something useful so it doesn't become a breeding ground for mosquitoes.

In addition to the 3M, installing wire mesh on the ventilation and planting mosquito repellent plants are some plus examples that you can do as an effort to prevent mosquito bites.

Just having the dengue vaccination cannot prevent and protect you from the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. You also need to do PSN 3M Plus at home and in your surroundings regularly to avoid dengue virus infection. Stay safe, everyone!