1 month ago

Did you know that tumors are not always synonymous with cancer? Even though they look the same, there are significant differences between the two that you need to know. Tumors and cancer have similarities, namely the presence of lumps of various sizes and shapes on parts of the body. This happens because there is excessive cell growth in tissues and forms a lump. When these cells are malignant and their growth is uncontrolled, the tumor that forms is called a malignant tumor or cancer.

Based on the level of malignancy, tumors are divided into two, benign and malignant tumors. Benign tumors grow slowly and are generally harmless. These become dangerous if these tumors grow near vital organs, press on nerves, or restrict blood flow. Meanwhile, malignant tumors grow rapidly and have the potential to invade and damage adjacent tissues.

Until now the cause of the appearance of tumors cannot be known with certainty, but there are several risk factors including:

  • There are hereditary factors and genetic disorders
  • Excessive drinking of liquor
  • Abnormalities of the immune system
  • Overweight or obese
  • Air pollution
  • Excessive sun exposure
  • Radiation

Can tumors and cancer be cured? There are certain treatments available to treat some types of cancer. However, there is no known cure for cancer. If the tumor is benign in most cases it is usually possible to be removed without any special treatment. Generally, benign tumors are removed for cosmetic reasons or if they grow in vital organs that interfere with other body functions.

Meanwhile, to deal with malignant tumors or cancer there are several treatment methods that are carried out, namely:

To deal with malignant tumors or cancer, there are several treatment methods that are carried out, namely:

1. Chemotherapy

Drug therapy to treat cancer cell growth.

2. Radiotherapy

Using a high-power energy beam that is directed to the area where the cancer cells are.

3. Immunotherapy

Treatment is done to encourage the work of the immune system so that it can fight cancer cells.

4. Surgery

This method can be done if the malignant tumor is still in one location and has not spread.

Adopt a healthy lifestyle, quit smoking, exercise regularly, adopt a balanced nutritious diet, maintain a healthy weight, and avoid risk factors such as air pollution, excessive sun exposure, and radiation so you avoid the risk of tumors appearing.