Lungs are a respiratory organ that is associated with the blood circulation system of the vertebrae that breathe air. Lungs work by exchanging the oxygen from the air with the carbon dioxide in blood. This process is called respiration, where hemoglobin binds oxygen and then transports it to cells throughout the body.
But lungs are susceptible to many illnesses. Let’s look at some of the common respiratory illnesses and protect ourselves against them:
Pneumonia can infect anybody, from children to adults. Its symptoms include the infection on one or both lungs caused by bacteria or virus, with the condition similar to common cold like fever and cough, then the patient suffers from shortness of breath, chest pain, rust-colored sputum, and chill. Pneumonia attacks children when their immunity drops. Pneumonia among children can be prevented with DPT vaccine and measles vaccine, or Hib vaccine and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
2. Tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis or TB is an illness that damages lung tissue. The cause is mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria that reduces immunity.
Another common respiratory is asthma. An asthma attack causes breathing difficulty and it is a contagious disease so prevention is very important. The following are some of the preventive measures you can take against asthma attacks:
a. Stay healthy by consuming nutritious, healthy foods, exercising, and resting well.
b. Drink water around eight glasses a day to ease sputum discharge.
c. Maintain a clean environment, make sure your home gets good sunlight and air circulation.
d. When you get asthma attack, take asthma medicine immediately to clear out the respiratory channel.
e. Avoid being too tired from rigorous activities like running and avoid extreme change of temperature.